Rapid and specific detection of cell-derived microvesicles using a magnetoresistive biochip

Solène Cherré, Elisabete Fernandes, José Germano, Tomás Dias, Susana Cardoso, Moisés S Piedade, Noemi Rozlosnik, Marta I. Oliveira, Paulo Freitas

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Microvesicles (MVs) are a promising source of diagnostic biomarkers which have gained a wide interest in the biomedical and biosensing field. They can be interpreted as a "fingerprint" of various diseases. Nonetheless, MVs implementation into clinical settings has been hampered by the lack of technologies to accurately characterize, detect and quantify them. Here, we report the specific sensing and quantification of MVs from endothelial cells using a portable magnetoresistive (MR) biochip platform, in less than one hour and within physiologically relevant concentrations (1 × 108 MVs per ml). MVs were isolated from both endothelial and epithelial cells undergoing apoptosis, and characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), which revealed similar MV sizes. Importantly, our results showed that the two distinct MV populations could be discriminated with the MR biochip platform, with over a 5-fold capture efficiency of endothelial MVs in comparison to the control (epithelial MVs). Also, unspecific binding of MVs to BSA was less than 1% of the specific signal. The detection strategy was based on a sandwich immunoassay, where MVs were labelled with magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) functionalized with Annexin V and then captured by anti-CD31 antibodies previously immobilized on the surface of the sensor. Results suggest that this approach allows the detection of specific MVs from complex samples such as serum, and highlight the potential of this technology to become a suitable tool for MVs detection as a complementary method of diagnosis.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAnalyst
    Volume142
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)979-986
    Number of pages8
    ISSN0003-2654
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

    Cite this

    Cherré, S., Fernandes, E., Germano, J., Dias, T., Cardoso, S., Piedade, M. S., Rozlosnik, N., Oliveira, M. I., & Freitas, P. (2017). Rapid and specific detection of cell-derived microvesicles using a magnetoresistive biochip. Analyst, 142(6), 979-986. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6an02651f