Raman detection of hydrohalite formation: Avoiding accidents on icy roads by deicing where salt will not work

Rolf W. Berg

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Abstract

The common substance Hydrohalite has a role to play in as diverse areas as Geology, Earth Climatology, Universe Cosmology, and Cryobiology. In this review, the occurrences under very different occasions are described. These relations are not commonly appreciated. During the work, we realized that there is yet an aspect that has been overlooked. Hydrohalite formed sometimes on icy roads resists common salt deicing procedures. Also, hydrohalite can be detected by rather simple Raman spectroscopy instrumentation. It means that it is possible to avoid accidents on icy roads in the following way: Common salt deicing trucks may be equipped with “artificial intelligence” based on a duel deicing system that switches between normal NaCl deicing and non-NaCl deicing based on Raman spectroscopy. The advantages are first of all less traffic accidents and lower environmental impact and corrosion from NaCl, but disadvantages are increased costs of investments and consumption of non-NaCl deicing agents.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Spectroscopy Reviews
Volume53
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)503-515
ISSN0570-4928
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Raman Spectroscopy
  • NaCl·dihydrate
  • NaCl·2H2O
  • Hydrohalite
  • Slippery roads
  • Road De-Icing
  • Traffic accidents

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