Rainbow paths with prescribed ends

Meysam Alishahi, Ali Taherkhani, Carsten Thomassen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    120 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    It was conjectured in [S. Akbari, F. Khaghanpoor, and S. Moazzeni. Colorful paths in vertex coloring of graphs. Preprint] that, if G is a connected graph distinct from C-7, then there is a chi(G)-coloring of G in which every vertex v is an element of V(G) is an initial vertex of a path P with chi(G) vertices whose colors are different. In[S. Akbari, V. Liaghat, and A. Nikzad. Colorful paths in vertex coloring of graphs. Electron. J. Combin. 18(1):P17, 9pp, 2011] this was proved with left perpendicular chi(G)/2right perpendicular vertices instead of chi(G) vertices. We strengthen this to chi(G) - 1 vertices. We also prove that every connected graph with atleast one edge has a proper k-coloring (for some k) such that every vertex of color i has a neighbor of color i + 1 (mod k). C-5 shows that k may have to be greater than the chromatic number. However, if the graph is connected, infinite and locally finite, and has finite chromatic number, then the k-coloring exists for every k >= chi(G). In fact, the k-coloring can be chosen such that every vertex is a starting vertex of an infinite path such that the color increases by 1 (mod k) along each edge. The method is based on the circular chromatic number chi(c)(G). In particular, we verify the above conjecture for all connected graphs whose circular chromatic number equals the chromatic number.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalThe Electronic Journal of Combinatorics
    Volume18
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)P86
    ISSN1097-1440
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • Rainbow path
    • Circular coloring
    • Chromatic number

    Cite this