Radon-222 exhalation from Danish building materials: H + H Industri A/S results

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    Abstract

    This report describes a closed-chamber method for laboratory measurements of the rate at which radon-222 degasses (exhales) from small building material samples. The chamber is 55 L in volume and the main sample geometry is a slab of dimensions 5x30x30 cm-3. Numerical modelling is used to assess (and partly remove) the bias of the method relative to an ideal measurement of the free exhalation rate. Experimental results obtained with the method are found to be in agreement with the results of an open-chamber method (which is subject to different sources of error). Results of radon-222 exhalation rate measurements for 10 samples of Danish building materials are reported. Samples include ordinary concrete, lightweight aggregate concrete, autoclaved aerated concrete, bricks, and gypsum board. The maximum mass-specic exhalation rate is about 20 mBq h-1 kg-1. Under consideration of the specic applications of the investigated building materials, the contribution to the indoor radon-222 concentration in a single-family reference house is calculated. Numerical modelling is used to help extrapolate the laboratory measurements on small samples to full scale walls. Application of typical materials will increase the indoor concentration by less than 10 Bq m-3.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationRoskilde
    PublisherRisø National Laboratory
    Number of pages55
    ISBN (Print)87-550-2594-3
    ISBN (Electronic)87-550-2595-1
    Publication statusPublished - 1999
    SeriesDenmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R
    Number1135(EN)
    ISSN0106-2840

    Keywords

    • Risø-R-1135
    • Risø-R-1135(EN)

    Cite this

    Andersen, C. E. (1999). Radon-222 exhalation from Danish building materials: H + H Industri A/S results. Risø National Laboratory. Denmark. Forskningscenter Risoe. Risoe-R, No. 1135(EN)