Monitoring of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides is important for providing baseline data on background radioactivity levels of environment, evaluating the impact of nuclear accidents and incidents, for emergency preparedness and radiation protection for humans and the environment. This article summarizes the major purposes of radionuclide monitoring and the processes for implementing of the monitoring program. An overall review and discussion on the techniques and methodologies for sampling, sample pre-treatment, radiochemical separation and measurement of various radionuclides in the monitoring program is presented.
|Title of host publication||Encyclopedia of Analytical Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
- Environmental monitoring
- Source monitoring
- Radiometric method
- Mass spectrometric method