Radial oil injection applied to main engine bearings: evaluation of injection control rules

EA Estupiñan, Ilmar Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The performance of main bearings in a combustion engine affects key functions such as durability, noise and vibration. Thus, with the aim of reducing friction losses and vibrations between the crankshaft and the bearings, the work reported here evaluates different strategies for applying controllable radial oil injection to main crankshaft journal bearings. In an actively lubricated bearing, conventional hydrodynamic lubrication is combined with controllable hydrostatic lubrication, where the oil injection pressures can be modified depending on the operational conditions. In this study, the dynamic behaviour of the main bearing of a medium-size engine is theoretically analysed when the engine operates with controllable radial oil injection and four different injection control rules. The theoretical investigation is based on a single-cylinder combustion engine model. The performance of the actively lubricated bearing is compared with the performance of the conventional lubricated bearing, giving some insights into the minimum fluid film thickness, maximum fluid film pressure, friction losses and maximum vibration levels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Vibration and Control
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)587-595
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Combustion engines
  • Controllable lubrication
  • Journal bearings
  • Vibration of machinery

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