Quartz OSL dating of late quaternary Chinese and Serbian loess: A cross Eurasian comparison of dust mass accumulation rates

Zoran Peric*, Emma Lagerbäck Adolphi, Thomas Stevens, Gabor Ujvari, Christian Zeeden, Jan-Pieter Buylaert, Slobodan B. Markovic, Ulrich Hambach, Peter Fischer, Christoph Schmidt, Philipp Schulte, Lu Huayu, Yi Shuangwen, Frank Lehmkuhl, Igor Obreht, Daniel Veres, Christine Thiel, Manfred Frechen, Mayank Jain, Andreas Vött & 2 others Ludwig Zöller, Milivoj B. Gavrilov

*Corresponding author for this work

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    Abstract

    Reconstructing dust Mass Accumulation Rate (MAR) from loess deposits is critical to understanding past atmospheric mineral dust activity and requires accurate independent age models from loess deposits across Europe and Asia. Previous correlations of loess in Europe and China have tended to focus on multi-millennial timescales, with no detailed examination of dust MAR at the two ends of the Eurasian loess belt on shorter, sub-orbital scales. Here we present a detailed quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) chronology from the Serbian Titel Loess Plateau (Veliki Surduk loess core) and the Chinese Loess Plateau (Lingtai section). The luminescence ages pass internal tests and show consistent increases in age with depth, with no obvious major hiatuses. However, as reported before, it seems the quartz OSL technique is only capable of accurate age determination up to accrued doses of ca. 150 Gy (ca. 30-40 ka) due to approaching field saturation of the quartz OSL signal. Two age-depth models were used to reconstruct dust MARs, where one utilises OSL data solely and the other additionally makes assumptions about sedimentation rates. Although short-term fluctuations in MAR are model dependent, general MAR patterns between the two sites are very similar, with peak MAR occurring rather late in the last glacial (ca. 13-25 ka). This suggests that at least broad scale trends in dust activity within the last glacial period may be similar at a continental scale.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalQuaternary International
    Volume502
    Issue numberPart A
    Pages (from-to)30-44
    ISSN1040-6182
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Keywords

    • OSL dating
    • MAR
    • Titel loess plateau
    • Chinese Loess Plateau
    • Loess
    • Dust

    Cite this

    Peric, Zoran ; Adolphi, Emma Lagerbäck ; Stevens, Thomas ; Ujvari, Gabor ; Zeeden, Christian ; Buylaert, Jan-Pieter ; Markovic, Slobodan B. ; Hambach, Ulrich ; Fischer, Peter ; Schmidt, Christoph ; Schulte, Philipp ; Huayu, Lu ; Shuangwen, Yi ; Lehmkuhl, Frank ; Obreht, Igor ; Veres, Daniel ; Thiel, Christine ; Frechen, Manfred ; Jain, Mayank ; Vött, Andreas ; Zöller, Ludwig ; Gavrilov, Milivoj B. / Quartz OSL dating of late quaternary Chinese and Serbian loess: A cross Eurasian comparison of dust mass accumulation rates. In: Quaternary International. 2019 ; Vol. 502, No. Part A. pp. 30-44.
    @article{711394db5a794fa289f59a90dece7744,
    title = "Quartz OSL dating of late quaternary Chinese and Serbian loess: A cross Eurasian comparison of dust mass accumulation rates",
    abstract = "Reconstructing dust Mass Accumulation Rate (MAR) from loess deposits is critical to understanding past atmospheric mineral dust activity and requires accurate independent age models from loess deposits across Europe and Asia. Previous correlations of loess in Europe and China have tended to focus on multi-millennial timescales, with no detailed examination of dust MAR at the two ends of the Eurasian loess belt on shorter, sub-orbital scales. Here we present a detailed quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) chronology from the Serbian Titel Loess Plateau (Veliki Surduk loess core) and the Chinese Loess Plateau (Lingtai section). The luminescence ages pass internal tests and show consistent increases in age with depth, with no obvious major hiatuses. However, as reported before, it seems the quartz OSL technique is only capable of accurate age determination up to accrued doses of ca. 150 Gy (ca. 30-40 ka) due to approaching field saturation of the quartz OSL signal. Two age-depth models were used to reconstruct dust MARs, where one utilises OSL data solely and the other additionally makes assumptions about sedimentation rates. Although short-term fluctuations in MAR are model dependent, general MAR patterns between the two sites are very similar, with peak MAR occurring rather late in the last glacial (ca. 13-25 ka). This suggests that at least broad scale trends in dust activity within the last glacial period may be similar at a continental scale.",
    keywords = "OSL dating, MAR, Titel loess plateau, Chinese Loess Plateau, Loess, Dust",
    author = "Zoran Peric and Adolphi, {Emma Lagerb{\"a}ck} and Thomas Stevens and Gabor Ujvari and Christian Zeeden and Jan-Pieter Buylaert and Markovic, {Slobodan B.} and Ulrich Hambach and Peter Fischer and Christoph Schmidt and Philipp Schulte and Lu Huayu and Yi Shuangwen and Frank Lehmkuhl and Igor Obreht and Daniel Veres and Christine Thiel and Manfred Frechen and Mayank Jain and Andreas V{\"o}tt and Ludwig Z{\"o}ller and Gavrilov, {Milivoj B.}",
    year = "2019",
    doi = "10.1016/j.quaint.2018.01.010",
    language = "English",
    volume = "502",
    pages = "30--44",
    journal = "Quaternary International",
    issn = "1040-6182",
    publisher = "Pergamon Press",
    number = "Part A",

    }

    Peric, Z, Adolphi, EL, Stevens, T, Ujvari, G, Zeeden, C, Buylaert, J-P, Markovic, SB, Hambach, U, Fischer, P, Schmidt, C, Schulte, P, Huayu, L, Shuangwen, Y, Lehmkuhl, F, Obreht, I, Veres, D, Thiel, C, Frechen, M, Jain, M, Vött, A, Zöller, L & Gavrilov, MB 2019, 'Quartz OSL dating of late quaternary Chinese and Serbian loess: A cross Eurasian comparison of dust mass accumulation rates', Quaternary International, vol. 502, no. Part A, pp. 30-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2018.01.010

    Quartz OSL dating of late quaternary Chinese and Serbian loess: A cross Eurasian comparison of dust mass accumulation rates. / Peric, Zoran; Adolphi, Emma Lagerbäck; Stevens, Thomas; Ujvari, Gabor; Zeeden, Christian; Buylaert, Jan-Pieter; Markovic, Slobodan B.; Hambach, Ulrich; Fischer, Peter; Schmidt, Christoph; Schulte, Philipp; Huayu, Lu; Shuangwen, Yi; Lehmkuhl, Frank; Obreht, Igor; Veres, Daniel; Thiel, Christine; Frechen, Manfred; Jain, Mayank; Vött, Andreas; Zöller, Ludwig; Gavrilov, Milivoj B.

    In: Quaternary International, Vol. 502, No. Part A, 2019, p. 30-44.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Quartz OSL dating of late quaternary Chinese and Serbian loess: A cross Eurasian comparison of dust mass accumulation rates

    AU - Peric, Zoran

    AU - Adolphi, Emma Lagerbäck

    AU - Stevens, Thomas

    AU - Ujvari, Gabor

    AU - Zeeden, Christian

    AU - Buylaert, Jan-Pieter

    AU - Markovic, Slobodan B.

    AU - Hambach, Ulrich

    AU - Fischer, Peter

    AU - Schmidt, Christoph

    AU - Schulte, Philipp

    AU - Huayu, Lu

    AU - Shuangwen, Yi

    AU - Lehmkuhl, Frank

    AU - Obreht, Igor

    AU - Veres, Daniel

    AU - Thiel, Christine

    AU - Frechen, Manfred

    AU - Jain, Mayank

    AU - Vött, Andreas

    AU - Zöller, Ludwig

    AU - Gavrilov, Milivoj B.

    PY - 2019

    Y1 - 2019

    N2 - Reconstructing dust Mass Accumulation Rate (MAR) from loess deposits is critical to understanding past atmospheric mineral dust activity and requires accurate independent age models from loess deposits across Europe and Asia. Previous correlations of loess in Europe and China have tended to focus on multi-millennial timescales, with no detailed examination of dust MAR at the two ends of the Eurasian loess belt on shorter, sub-orbital scales. Here we present a detailed quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) chronology from the Serbian Titel Loess Plateau (Veliki Surduk loess core) and the Chinese Loess Plateau (Lingtai section). The luminescence ages pass internal tests and show consistent increases in age with depth, with no obvious major hiatuses. However, as reported before, it seems the quartz OSL technique is only capable of accurate age determination up to accrued doses of ca. 150 Gy (ca. 30-40 ka) due to approaching field saturation of the quartz OSL signal. Two age-depth models were used to reconstruct dust MARs, where one utilises OSL data solely and the other additionally makes assumptions about sedimentation rates. Although short-term fluctuations in MAR are model dependent, general MAR patterns between the two sites are very similar, with peak MAR occurring rather late in the last glacial (ca. 13-25 ka). This suggests that at least broad scale trends in dust activity within the last glacial period may be similar at a continental scale.

    AB - Reconstructing dust Mass Accumulation Rate (MAR) from loess deposits is critical to understanding past atmospheric mineral dust activity and requires accurate independent age models from loess deposits across Europe and Asia. Previous correlations of loess in Europe and China have tended to focus on multi-millennial timescales, with no detailed examination of dust MAR at the two ends of the Eurasian loess belt on shorter, sub-orbital scales. Here we present a detailed quartz optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) chronology from the Serbian Titel Loess Plateau (Veliki Surduk loess core) and the Chinese Loess Plateau (Lingtai section). The luminescence ages pass internal tests and show consistent increases in age with depth, with no obvious major hiatuses. However, as reported before, it seems the quartz OSL technique is only capable of accurate age determination up to accrued doses of ca. 150 Gy (ca. 30-40 ka) due to approaching field saturation of the quartz OSL signal. Two age-depth models were used to reconstruct dust MARs, where one utilises OSL data solely and the other additionally makes assumptions about sedimentation rates. Although short-term fluctuations in MAR are model dependent, general MAR patterns between the two sites are very similar, with peak MAR occurring rather late in the last glacial (ca. 13-25 ka). This suggests that at least broad scale trends in dust activity within the last glacial period may be similar at a continental scale.

    KW - OSL dating

    KW - MAR

    KW - Titel loess plateau

    KW - Chinese Loess Plateau

    KW - Loess

    KW - Dust

    U2 - 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.01.010

    DO - 10.1016/j.quaint.2018.01.010

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 502

    SP - 30

    EP - 44

    JO - Quaternary International

    JF - Quaternary International

    SN - 1040-6182

    IS - Part A

    ER -