While typically designed to manipulate classical light, metamaterials have many potential applications for quantum optics as well. We argue why a quantum optical effective-medium theory is needed. We present such a theory for layered metamaterials that is valid for light propagation in all spatial directions, thereby generalizing earlier work for one-dimensional propagation. In contrast to classical effective-medium theory there is an additional effective parameter that describes quantum noise. Our results for metamaterials are based on a rather general Lagrangian theory for the quantum electrodynamics of media with both loss and gain. In the second part of this paper, we present a new application of transformation optics whereby local spontaneous-emission rates of quantum emitters can be designed. This follows from an analysis how electromagnetic Green functions transform under coordinate transformations. Spontaneous-emission rates can be either enhanced or suppressed using invisibility cloaks or gradient index lenses. Furthermore, the anisotropic material pro file of the cloak enables the directional control of spontaneous emission.
|Conference||Metamaterials, Metadevices, and Metasystems 2016|
|Location||San Diego Convention Center|
|City||San Diego, CA|
|Period||28/08/2016 → 01/09/2016|
|Series||Proceedings of S P I E - International Society for Optical Engineering|
Copyright 2016 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic electronic or print reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
- Quantum electrodynamics
- Effective-medium theory
- Quantum noise
- Transformation optics
- Green tensor
- Spontaneous emission