Quantum-enhanced continuous-wave stimulated Raman scattering spectroscopy

Rayssa B. de Andrade*, Hugo Kerdoncuff, Kirstine Berg-Sørensen, Tobias Gehring, Mikael Østergaard Lassen, Ulrik L. Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Stimulated Raman spectroscopy has become a powerful tool to study the spatiodynamics of molecular bonds with high sensitivity, resolution, and speed. However, the sensitivity and speed of state-of-the-art stimulated Raman scattering spectroscopy are currently limited by the shot-noise of the light beam probing the Raman process. Here, we demonstrate in a proof-of-principle experiment an enhancement of the sensitivity of continuous-wave stimulated Raman spectroscopy by reducing the quantum noise of the probing light below the shot-noise limit by means of amplitude squeezed states of light. Probing polymer samples with Raman shifts around 2950 cm−1 with squeezed states, we demonstrate a quantum enhancement of the stimulated Raman signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 3.60 dB relative to the shot-noise limited SNR. Our proof-of-concept demonstration of quantum-enhanced continuous-wave Raman spectroscopy paves the way for more elaborate demonstrations using state-of-the-art stimulated Raman scattering microscopes, and thus constitutes the very first step towards a new generation of Raman microscopes, where weak Raman transitions can be imaged without the use of markers or an increase in the total optical power.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptica
Volume7
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)470-475
ISSN2334-2536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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