Quantum coherent absorption of squeezed light

Ali Ümit Cemal Hardal*, Martijn Wubs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

We investigate coherent perfect absorption (CPA) in quantum optics, in particular when pairs of squeezed coherent states of light are superposed on an absorbing beam splitter. First, by employing quantum optical input–output relations, we derive the absorption coefficients for quantum coherence and for intensity, and reveal how these will differ for squeezed states. Second, we present the remarkable properties of a CPA gate: two identical but otherwise arbitrary incoming squeezed coherent states can be completely stripped of their coherence, producing a pure entangled squeezed vacuum state that with its finite intensity escapes from an otherwise perfect absorber. Importantly, this output state of light is not entangled with the absorbing beam splitter by which it was produced. Its loss-enabled functionality makes the CPA gate an interesting new tool for continuous-variable quantum state preparation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOptica
Volume6
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)181-189
ISSN2334-2536
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Cite this

Hardal, Ali Ümit Cemal ; Wubs, Martijn. / Quantum coherent absorption of squeezed light. In: Optica. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 181-189.
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Quantum coherent absorption of squeezed light. / Hardal, Ali Ümit Cemal; Wubs, Martijn.

In: Optica, Vol. 6, No. 2, 2019, p. 181-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum coherent absorption of squeezed light

AU - Hardal, Ali Ümit Cemal

AU - Wubs, Martijn

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - We investigate coherent perfect absorption (CPA) in quantum optics, in particular when pairs of squeezed coherent states of light are superposed on an absorbing beam splitter. First, by employing quantum optical input–output relations, we derive the absorption coefficients for quantum coherence and for intensity, and reveal how these will differ for squeezed states. Second, we present the remarkable properties of a CPA gate: two identical but otherwise arbitrary incoming squeezed coherent states can be completely stripped of their coherence, producing a pure entangled squeezed vacuum state that with its finite intensity escapes from an otherwise perfect absorber. Importantly, this output state of light is not entangled with the absorbing beam splitter by which it was produced. Its loss-enabled functionality makes the CPA gate an interesting new tool for continuous-variable quantum state preparation.

AB - We investigate coherent perfect absorption (CPA) in quantum optics, in particular when pairs of squeezed coherent states of light are superposed on an absorbing beam splitter. First, by employing quantum optical input–output relations, we derive the absorption coefficients for quantum coherence and for intensity, and reveal how these will differ for squeezed states. Second, we present the remarkable properties of a CPA gate: two identical but otherwise arbitrary incoming squeezed coherent states can be completely stripped of their coherence, producing a pure entangled squeezed vacuum state that with its finite intensity escapes from an otherwise perfect absorber. Importantly, this output state of light is not entangled with the absorbing beam splitter by which it was produced. Its loss-enabled functionality makes the CPA gate an interesting new tool for continuous-variable quantum state preparation.

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DO - 10.1364/OPTICA.6.000181

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