Quantitative Characterization of Boundary Roughness in Metals

Jun Sun

    Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis

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    The boundary migration during recrystallization is by nature a heterogeneous process and local structural variations form on recrystallization boundaries, as revealed from modern techniques such as
    synchrotron X-rays and advanced electron microscopy. The local structural variations, in the form of protrusions and retrusions, can provide a dragging/driving force due to the local boundary curvature and affect the further migration of recrystallization boundaries through the deformed matrix. In order to develop new understandings and models for boundary migration that take the heterogeneous local structural aspects into account, a detailed characterization is essential of partly recrystallized microstructures focusing on the local shapes of the boundaries, in particular on whether protrusions and retrusions are formed or not. Quantification of the “amount” of boundary roughness in the form of protrusions and retrusions is of importance for statistical investigations into the factors that
    potentially influence the recrystallization boundary roughening. A method is developed for quantitative characterization of 2-D line features. The area integral invariant (AII) is employed as a morphological variable to obtain information of local structural variations such as protrusions and retrusions formed on recrystallization boundaries. The AII value is directionindependent allowing unbiased characterization of morphological irregularities with both closed and non-closed boundary profiles. The length scale at which the rough features are characterized is determined by a parameter termed sampling radius used to measure the AII values. A number of roughness parameters are developed based on the AII dataset for a boundary or boundary segment, whose local morphological characteristics are represented by individual AII value acquired along the boundary or boundary segment. With the quantified boundary roughness at two length scales: 1 μm and 3 μm, the roughening behaviors of a large number of recrystallization boundaries are statistically analyzed and the effects of several parameters: materials purity, deformation strain, annealing temperature and boundary alignment direction, are evaluated. It is revealed that recrystallization boundaries in general are rough and the roughening behaviors of recrystallization boundaries are affected by the investigated parameters, more significantly at the length scale of 1 μm. It is found that the higher roughness is often associated with the higher migrating rates of recrystallization boundaries. A new method is presented to quantitatively characterize the morphology of graphite nodules in cast iron, as an extended application of the AII method to characterize the 2-D line features. This method develops a morphological variable “dispersion” to obtain information about local morphological characteristics that is subsequently merged into a parameter termed dispersion index, to represent the nodule’s morphology as a whole. The potential of the method is validated by quantifying the morphology of graphite nodules with complicated shape and by measuring the nodularity of an image with many graphite nodules.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherDTU Wind Energy
    Number of pages136
    ISBN (Electronic)978-87-93278-97-4
    Publication statusPublished - 2016
    SeriesDTU Wind Energy PhD


    • DTU Wind Energy PhD-0066
    • DTU Wind Energy PhD-66


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