Quantification of the impact of large and small-scale instabilities on the fast-ion confinement in ASDEX Upgrade

B. Geiger, M. Weiland, A. Mlynek, M. Reich, A. Bock, M. Dunne, R. Dux, E. Fable, R. Fischer, M. Garcia-Munoz, J. Hobirk, C. Hopf, Stefan Kragh Nielsen, T. Odstrcil, C. Rapson, D. Rittich, F. Ryter, Mirko Salewski, P. A. Schneider, G. TardiniM. Willensdorfer

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The confinement fast ions, generated by neutral beam injection (NBI), has been investigated at the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. In plasmas that exhibit strong sawtooth crashes, a significant sawtooth-induced internal redistribution of mainly passing fast ions is observed, which is in very good agreement with the theoretical predictions based on the Kadomtsev model. Between the sawtooth crashes, the fishbone modes are excited which, however, do not cause measurable changes in the global fast-ion population. During experiments with on- and off-axis NBI and without strong magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) modes, the fast-ion measurements agree very well with the neo-classical predictions. This shows that the MHD-induced (large-scale), as well as a possible turbulence-induced (small-scale) fast-ion transport is negligible under these conditions. However, in discharges performed to study the off-axis NBI current drive efficiency with up to 10 MW of heating power, the fast-ion measurements agree best with the theoretical predictions that assume a weak level anomalous fast-ion transport. This is also in agreement with measurements of the internal inductance, a Motional Stark Effect diagnostic and a novel polarimetry diagnostic: the fast-ion driven current profile is clearly modified when changing the NBI injection geometry and the measurements agree best with the predictions that assume weak anomalous fast-ion diffusion.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)014018
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Current drive
  • Sawtooth
  • Fast ion
  • Tokamak
  • Neutral beam
  • FIDA


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