Quantification of digital image correlation applicability related to in-situ proof load testing of bridges

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Advanced crack monitoring is crucial for high precision response- and threshold evaluation when performing proof- and diagnostic load tests on existing concrete structures. Mostly, crack monitoring techniques involve one monitoring method, which provide thresholds with regard to stop criteria and characterization information. In the ongoing Danish bridge testing research program, it is hypothesized that several independent monitoring techniques are needed to reduce uncertainties related to crack detection and categorization. A number of novel monitoring methods are used in the research project. A special focus is however dedicated to twodimensional digital image correlation (2D-DIC) and acoustic emission (AE). This paper presents initial research concerning evaluations related to digital image correlation based on subcomponent beam tests performed in the DTU CasMat laboratory facility. The tested beams were prefabricated as TT-elements with a length of 6.4 m and cut into two T-beam elements. The test matrix consisted of ten beams strengthened with carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) in different configurations with and without post-tensioning of the CFRP, thus resulting in different crack initiation behavior. The investigations in this paper include: (1) time of crack detection compared to visual detection, (2) time of crack detection compared to time of crack width threshold values, and (3) crack width evaluation using 2D-DIC strain correction for out-of-plane deflection. The results show that cracks can be detected prior to both visual detection and significant stiffness change. After detection, crack development can be monitored for crack width stop criteria. Crack widths can also be successfully monitored for surfaces subjected to out-ofplane movement using a geometric correction method. The methodology is hypothesized to be of significant importance in future testing of full-scale concrete slab bridges in the Danish bridge testing project.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2019
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event5th International Conference on Smart Monitoring, Assessment and Rehabilitation of Civil Structures - Potsdam, Germany
Duration: 27 Aug 201929 Aug 2019
Conference number: 5


Conference5th International Conference on Smart Monitoring, Assessment and Rehabilitation of Civil Structures

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