Quality assurance and statistical control

K. Heydorn

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    In scientific research laboratories it is rarely possible to use quality assurance schemes, developed for large-scale analysis. Instead methods have been developed to control the quality of modest numbers of analytical results by relying on statistical control:

    Analysis of precision serves to detect analytical errors by comparing the a priori precision of the analytical results with the actual variability observed among replicates or duplicates. The method relies on the chi-square distribution to detect excess variability and is quite sensitive even for 5-10 results.

    Interference control serves to detect analytical bias by comparing results obtained by two different analytical methods, each relying on a different detection principle and therefore exhibiting different influence from matrix elements; only 5-10 sets of results are required to establish whether a regression line passes through the origo.

    Calibration control is an essential link in the traceability of results. Only one or two samples of pure solid or aqueous standards with accurately known content need to be analyzed.

    Verification is carried out by analyzing certified reference materials from BCR, NIST, or others; their limited accuracy of 5-10% make them less suitable for calibration purposes.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalMicrochimica Acta
    Volume3
    Issue number1-3
    Pages (from-to)1-10
    ISSN0026-3672
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

    Keywords

    • Analysis of precision
    • Statistical control
    • Quality assurance
    • Calibration control
    • Verification

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