Putting the electro-bugs to work: A systematic review of 22 years of advances in bio-electrochemical systems and the parameters governing their performance

Azra Naderi, Babak Kakavandi, Stefanos Giannakis, Irini Angelidaki, Roshanak Rezaei Kalantary*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Wastewater treatment using bioelectrochemical systems (BES) can be considered as a technology finding application in versatile areas such as for renewable energy production and simultaneous reducing environmental problems, biosensors, and bioelectrosynthesis. This review paper reports and critically discusses the challenges, and advances in bio-electrochemical studies in the 21st century. To sum and critically analyze the strides of the last 20+ years on the topic, this study first provides a comprehensive analysis on the structure, performance, and application of bioelectrochemical systems, which include Microbial Fuel Cells (MFC), Microbial Electrolysis Cells (MEC) and Microbial Desalination Cells (MDC). We focus on the effect of various parameters, such as electroactive microbial community structure, electrode material, configuration of bioreactors, anode unit volume, membrane type, initial COD, co-substrates and the nature of the input wastewater in treatment process and the amount of energy and fuel production, with the purpose of showcasing the modes of operation as a guide for future studies. The results of this review show that the bio-electrochemical systems have great potential in reducing environmental pollution, purifying saltwater, and producing energy and fuel. At a larger scale, it aspires to facilitate the path of achieving sustainable development and practical application of BES in real-world scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115843
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume229
Number of pages30
ISSN0013-9351
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Bioelectrochemical systems
  • Energy production
  • Fuel production
  • Wastewater treatment

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