PTBP1 promotes hematopoietic stem cell maintenance and red blood cell development by ensuring sufficient availability of ribosomal constituents

Matilda Rehn, Anne Wenzel, Anne-Katrine Frank, Mikkel Bruhn Schuster, Sachin Pundhir, Nanna Jørgensen, Kristoffer Vitting-Seerup, Ying Ge, Johan Jendholm, Magali Michaut, Erwin M. Schoof, Tanja Lyholm Jensen, Nicolas Rapin, Russell T. Sapio, Kasper Langebjerg Andersen, Anders H. Lund, Michele Solimena, Martin Holzenberger, Dimitri G. Pestov, Bo Torben Porse*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Ribosomopathies constitute a range of disorders associated with defective protein synthesis mainly affecting hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and erythroid development. Here, we demonstrate that deletion of poly-pyrimidine-tract-binding protein 1 (PTBP1) in the hematopoietic compartment leads to the development of a ribosomopathy-like condition. Specifically, loss of PTBP1 is associated with decreases in HSC self-renewal, erythroid differentiation, and protein synthesis. Consistent with its function as a splicing regulator, PTBP1 deficiency results in splicing defects in hundreds of genes, and we demonstrate that the up-regulation of a specific isoform of CDC42 partly mimics the protein-synthesis defect associated with loss of PTBP1. Furthermore, PTBP1 deficiency is associated with a marked defect in ribosome biogenesis and a selective reduction in the translation of mRNAs encoding ribosomal proteins. Collectively, this work identifies PTBP1 as a key integrator of ribosomal functions and highlights the broad functional repertoire of RNA-binding proteins.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110793
JournalCell Reports
Volume39
Issue number6
Number of pages28
ISSN2211-1247
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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