Protic ionic liquids immobilized in phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole matrix enable polymer electrolyte fuel cell operation at 200 °C

G. Skorikova, D. Rauber, David Aili, S. Martin, Qingfeng Li, D. Henkensmeier, R. Hempelmann*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Protic ionic liquids (PILs) based on the anion bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide were confined in polybenzimidazole (PBI) matrices. Quasi-solidified ionic liquid membranes (QSILMs) were fabricated and examined for mechanical and thermal stability. After doping in phosphoric acid (PA), the QSILMs exhibited conductivities of 30–60 mS cm−1 at 180 °C. Fluorescence microscopy was used to investigate the structure of the composite PBI membranes. Membrane-electrode assemblies, fabricated with PA doped QSILMs, were tested in a single fuel cell and exhibited a performance increase with increasing temperature up to 200 °C. The best performance was obtained for the membrane electrode assembly containing 50 mol% of diethyl-methyl-ammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide confined in the phosphoric acid doped PBI matrix with closed porosity. It reached 0.32 W cm−2 at 200 °C and 900 mA cm−2 . The catalyst layer of the gas diffusion electrode impregnated with protic ionic liquid exhibited better long-term stability than the gas diffusion electrode impregnated with phosphoric acid within 100 h of operation at 200 °C and anhydrous conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118188
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume608
Number of pages11
ISSN0376-7388
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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