In recent years bacterial protein-tyrosine kinases have been found to phosphorylate a growing number of protein substrates, including RNA polymerase sigma factors, UDP-glucose dehydrogenases and single-stranded DNA-binding proteins. The activity of these protein substrates was affected by tyrosine phosphorylation, indicating that this post-translational modifi cation could regulate physiological processes ranging from stress response and exopolysaccharide synthesis to DNA metabolism. Some interesting work in this fi eld was done in Bacillus subtilis , and we here present the current state of knowledge on protein-tyrosine phosphorylation in this gram-positive model organism. With its two kinases, two kinase modulators, three phosphatases and at least four different tyrosine-phosphorylated substrates, B. subtilis is the bacterium with the highest number of presently known participants in the global network of protein-tyrosine phosphorylation. We discuss the approaches currently used to chart this network: ranging from studies of substrate specifi city and the physiological role of tyrosine phosphorylation of individual enzymes to the global approaches at the level of systems biology.
|Journal||Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|