Protein-free cress seed (Lepidium sativum) gum: Physicochemical characterization and rheological properties

Somayeh Razmkhah, Seyed Mohammad Ali Razavi, Mohammad Amin Mohammadifar, Marcel Tutor Ale, Hassan Ahmadi Gavlighi

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Protein-free cress seed gum (PFCSG) was obtained by precipitation of crude cress seed gum (CSG) withethanol followed by treatment with protease. Molecular weight, moisture, ash and uronic acids contentdecreased after elimination of protein. Elimination of protein improved significantly rheological proper-ties and thermal stability of cress seed gum. Mechanical spectra of the CSG and PFCSG were classified asweak gels and PFCSG showed stronger and more elastic network structure. The gum dispersions exhib-ited strong shear-thinning behavior which was described satisfactory by the Herschel-Bulkley and Mooremodels. Protein-free cress seed gum had higher apparent and intrinsic viscosities than the crude gum.CSG indicated lower hysteresis loop area, but degree of structural recovery of the samples showed no sig-nificant difference. The main decomposition of PFCSG started above 213◦C with two peaks (at 261.72◦Cand 306.58◦C) and initial decomposition temperature of CSG was 190.21◦C with one peak at 258.28◦C.DSC results coincided with those observed by thermogravimetric analysis. Enzyme treatment loweredthe surface activity of CSG.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Pages (from-to)14-24
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Hydrocolloid
  • Rheology
  • Shear thinning
  • Sugar analysis
  • Thermal stability
  • Thixotropy


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