Prospects of the use of nanofluids as working fluids for organic Rankine cycle power systems

Maria E. Mondejar*, Jesper G. Andreasen, Maria Regidor, Stefano Riva, Georgios Kontogeorgis, Giacomo Persico, Fredrik Haglind

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The search of novel working fluids for organic Rankine cycle power systems is driven by the recent regulations imposing additional phase-out schedules for substances with adverse environmental characteristics. Recently, nanofluids (i.e. colloidal suspensions of nanoparticles in fluids) have been suggested as potential working fluids for organic Rankine cycle power systems due to their enhanced thermal properties, potentially giving advantages with respect to the design of the components and the cycle performance. Nevertheless, a number of challenges concerning the use of nanofluids must be investigated prior to their practical use. Among other things, the trade-off between enhanced heat transfer and increased pressure drop in heat exchangers, and the impact of the nanoparticles on the working fluid thermophysical properties, must be carefully analyzed. This paper is aimed at evaluating the prospects of using nanofluids as working fluids for organic Rankine cycle power systems. As a preliminary study, nanofluids consisting of a homogenous and stable mixture of different nanoparticles types and a selected organic fluid are simulated on a case study organic Rankine cycle unit for waste heat recovery. The impact of the nanoparticle type and concentration on the heat exchangers size, with respect to the reference case, is analyzed. The results indicate that the heat exchanger area requirements in the boiler decrease around 4 % for a nanoparticle volume concentration of 1 %, without significant differences among nanoparticle types. The pressure drop in the boiler increases up to 18 % for the same nanoparticle concentration, but this is not found to impact negatively the pump power consumption.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume129
Pages (from-to)160-167
ISSN1876-6102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event4th International Seminar on ORC Power Systems - Politecnico Di Milano, Milano, Italy
Duration: 13 Sep 201715 Sep 2017

Conference

Conference4th International Seminar on ORC Power Systems
LocationPolitecnico Di Milano
CountryItaly
CityMilano
Period13/09/201715/09/2017

Bibliographical note

Open Access

Keywords

  • Nanofluids
  • Organic Rankine cycle
  • Working fluids

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