Property Modelling and Databases in Product-Process Design

Rafiqul Gani, Sascha Sansonetti

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearch

Abstract

Properties of pure chemicals and their mixtures play an important role in the design of chemicals based products and the processes that manufacture them. Although, the use of experimental data in the design and/or analysis of these chemicals based products and their processes is desirable, they are not always available. Also, it may be too expensive or it may take too long to measure the required data. In these situations and when repetitive calculations are involved, as in process simulation, it is useful to have appropriate models to reliably predict the needed properties. For property model development, however, it is necessary to have a large database of measured property data that has been checked for consistency and accuracy.
The presentation will first introduce a database, in terms of its knowledge representation structure, the type and range of properties and chemical systems covered, and their internal consistency-accuracy checks. The database includes properties of organic chemicals, polymers and ionic liquids. There are also chemical class specific database sections, such as for solvents, aroma-chemicals, surfactants and emulsifiers. The use of this property database for model development will then be highlighted for a class of predictive models employing the group-contributionplus approach, where, the group-contribution (GC) method is combined with the atom-connectivity index (CI) method. Here, two parallel models are developed using the same dataset. However, during applications for property prediction, only the GC-model is used with the option to estimate missing group-contribution parameters through the CI-model. In this way, the application range of the GC-model is increased without the need for additional experimental data. This procedure for model development and use has been successfully employed for a range of pure component properties, polymer repeat-unit properties as well as mixture properties. For the mixture properties, liquid phase activity coefficients are modelled and then predicted through the UNIFAC-CI method. For bulk-properties of organic chemical mixtures, a GC-CI version of the PC-SAFT is used. The developed database and property prediction models have been combined into a properties-software that allows different product-process design related applications. The presentation will also briefly highlight applications of the software for virtual product-process design applications.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event18th Symposium on Thermophysical Properties - Boulder,CO, United States
Duration: 24 Jun 201229 Jun 2012
http://thermosymposium.nist.gov/

Conference

Conference18th Symposium on Thermophysical Properties
CountryUnited States
CityBoulder,CO
Period24/06/201229/06/2012
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Invited Keynote Lecture

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