Production of fumonisins B2 and B4 in Tolypocladium species

Jesper Mølgaard Mogensen, Kirsten Amalie Møller, Pernille von Freiesleben, Roman Labuda, Elisabeth Varga, Michael Sulyok, Alena Kubátová, Ulf Thrane, Birgitte Andersen, Kristian Fog Nielsen

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    Tolypocladium inflatum is known primarily for its production of the cyclosporines that are used as an immunosuppressive drug. However, we report here the production of the carcinogenic fumonisins B2 and B4 by this biotechnologically relevant fungal genus. These mycotoxins were detected in 11 strains tested from three species: Tolypocladium inflatum, T. cylindrosporum, and T. geodes. Production of fumonisins by Fusarium spp. and Aspergillus niger is highly medium- and temperature-dependent, so the effect of these parameters on fumonisin production by three T. inflatum strains was studied. Maximum production was achieved on media with high sugar content incubated at 25–30°C. Since these results demonstrate that fumonisin production could be widespread within the genus Tolypocladium, the potential contamination of commercial cyclosporine preparations with fumonisins needs to be investigated.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
    Issue number9
    Pages (from-to)1329-1335
    Publication statusPublished - 2011


    • Elaphocordyceps subsessilis
    • Cyclosporin
    • Mycotoxin
    • Fumonisin
    • Tolypocladium inflatum

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