Production of fructooligosaccharides and β-fructofuranosidase by batch and repeated batch fermentation with immobilized cells of Penicillium expansum

Solange I. Mussatto, Margarida B. Prata, Ligia Rodrigues, Jose A. Teixeira

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The production of fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and β-fructofuranosidase (FFase) by immobilized cells of Penicillium expansum was evaluated. In an initial stage, different low-cost materials including synthetic fiber, polyurethane foam, stainless steel sponge, loofah sponge, and cork oak were tested as carrier for the fungus immobilization. Additionally, the influence of the inoculum age (1 or 3 weeks) on cells immobilization, FOS and FFase production was also verified. Synthetic fiber and polyurethane foam were the best materials for P. expansum immobilization (2.21 and 1.98 g/g carrier, respectively) and FOS production (120.3 and 104.8 g/l), and gave also high results of FFase activity (23.01 and 32.42 U/ml). Then, the production of FOS and FFase by repeated batch fermentation with P. expansum immobilized on synthetic fiber was studied, aiming to improve the batch fermentation results. The results obtained in this stage were very promising with FOS yields of 87, 72, and 44 %, in the 3 initial cycles (60 h), respectively; the FFase activity was constant throughout the process (6 cycles, 96 h). Repeated batch fermentation with immobilized cells of P. expansum was found as being a technology with great potential for FOS and FFase production on industrial scale.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Food Research and Technology
Volume235
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)13-22
ISSN1438-2377
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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