Process Intensification Tools in the Small‐Scale Pharmaceutical Manufacturing of Small Molecules

Aleksandar Mitic, Krist V. Gernaey

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The chemical process industry is paying significant attention to the intensification of processes with the main aim of achieving increased productivity, improved economic status, and enhanced sustainability. The pharmaceutical industry is moving in the same direction and, therefore, dozens of processes are in a state of change. However, it is important to note that not all processes can be intensified easily, such as slow chemical reactions, processes with solids, slurries, and on the like. This review summarizes applications of promising tools for achieving process intensification in the small‐scale pharmaceutical manufacturing of so‐called small molecules. The focus is on microwave radiation, microreactors, ultrasounds, and meso‐scale tubular reactors.
Original languageEnglish
JournalChemical Engineering and Technology
Volume38
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1699-1712
Number of pages14
ISSN0930-7516
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Meso‐flow chemistry
  • Microreactors
  • Microwave
  • Process intensification
  • Ultrasounds

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