Proceedings of ICED'09: Design for X, Design to X

Margareta Norell Bergendahl (Editor), Martin Grimheden (Editor), Larry Leifer (Editor), Philipp Skogstad (Editor), Tim C. McAloone (Editor)

    Research output: Book/ReportBookResearchpeer-review


    The 17th International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED'09, was held August 24-27 2009 at Stanford University, California, USA. The Conference is the flagship event of the Design Society, a society dedicated to contributing to a broad and established understanding of development and design. The ICED series of conferences has a long tradition, which started in 1981 with the first ICED in Rome. A total of 379 papers were presented at ICED’09, each double-blind reviewed by multiple reviewers. The papers included research papers and case studies on a variety of topics concerned with design thinking, theory, and practice, with a premium placed on evidence-based research. The papers are published in a total of ten volumes of Proceedings, in addition to electronic publication. This volume contains 32 papers concerned with Design for X, Design to X, where X can represent a variety of attributes of the designed product or system – manufacturability, reliability, sustainability , efficiency, robustness and so on.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherDesign Society
    VolumeVolume 7
    Number of pages406
    ISBN (Print)978-1904670117
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


    • PD methods
    • Decision support
    • Design
    • Ecodesign
    • Environment
    • LCA
    • Life Cycle Assessment
    • Product development
    • Product modelling
    • Requirements


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