When the model dosimetry system YPO4: Ce3+, Sm3+ is exposed to X-rays, the charge state of the dopants changes, becoming Ce4+ and Sm2+ via hole and electron trapping, respectively which are metastable; the original charge states can be achieved through electron transfer back from Sm2+ to Ce4+ via optical stimulation. The work presented here adds further details to the energy levels of the metastable Sm2+ defect and the electron transfer processes by undertaking measurements of a) Sm2+ excitation spectrum through the internal 5D0 → 7F2 emission at 7 K, b) relaxation lifetime of Sm2+ (5D0 state) and its temperature dependence to provide insights into thermal quenching, and c) the kinetics of localised recombination from Sm2+ to Ce4+ on nanoseconds to seconds time scales using sub-band-edge excitation.
- Excited-state tunnelling
- Localised recombination
- Low temperature spectroscopy
- Sm2+ and Ce3+ relaxation lifetime
- Thermal quenching