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Abstract
This thesis gives a threefold perspective on the inverse problem of inclusion detection in electrical impedance tomography: depth dependence, monotonicitybased reconstruction, and sparsitybased reconstruction.
The depth dependence is given in terms of explicit bounds on the datum norm, which shows the change in distinguishability of inclusions (support of an inhomogeneity) as they are placed closer towards the measurement boundary. This is done by determining eigenvalue bounds for differences of pseudodifferential operators on the boundary of the domain. Ultimately, the bounds serves as insight into how much noise that can be allowed in the datum before an inclusion cannot be detected.
The monotonicity method is a direct reconstruction method that utilizes a monotonicity property of the forward problem in order to characterize the inclusions. Here we rigorously prove that the method can be regularized against noise with a uniform regularization parameter, and that the method can be generalized to discrete electrode models. We give examples in 2D and 3D with noisy simulated data as well as real measurements, and give a comparison of reconstructions based on a nonlinear and a linear formulation of the method.
Sparsitybased reconstruction is an iterative method, that through an optimization problem with a sparsity prior, approximates the inhomogeneities. Here we make use of prior information, that can cheaply be obtained from the monotonicity method, to improve both the contrast and resolution of the reconstruction. Numerical examples are given in both 2D and 3D for partial data using noisy simulated data as well as real measurements.
The depth dependence is given in terms of explicit bounds on the datum norm, which shows the change in distinguishability of inclusions (support of an inhomogeneity) as they are placed closer towards the measurement boundary. This is done by determining eigenvalue bounds for differences of pseudodifferential operators on the boundary of the domain. Ultimately, the bounds serves as insight into how much noise that can be allowed in the datum before an inclusion cannot be detected.
The monotonicity method is a direct reconstruction method that utilizes a monotonicity property of the forward problem in order to characterize the inclusions. Here we rigorously prove that the method can be regularized against noise with a uniform regularization parameter, and that the method can be generalized to discrete electrode models. We give examples in 2D and 3D with noisy simulated data as well as real measurements, and give a comparison of reconstructions based on a nonlinear and a linear formulation of the method.
Sparsitybased reconstruction is an iterative method, that through an optimization problem with a sparsity prior, approximates the inhomogeneities. Here we make use of prior information, that can cheaply be obtained from the monotonicity method, to improve both the contrast and resolution of the reconstruction. Numerical examples are given in both 2D and 3D for partial data using noisy simulated data as well as real measurements.
Original language  English 

Place of Publication  Kgs. Lyngby 

Publisher  Technical University of Denmark 
Number of pages  56 
Publication status  Published  2016 
Series  DTU Compute PHD2016 

Number  409 
ISSN  09093192 
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Prior Information in Inverse Boundary problems
Garde, H., Knudsen, K., Pedersen, M., Jin, B. & Hyvönen, N.
01/03/2013 → 25/05/2016
Project: PhD