Principle of Entropy Maximization for Nonequilibrium Steady States

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Abstract

The goal of this contribution is to find out to what extent the principle of entropy maximization, which serves as a basis for the equilibrium thermodynamics, may be generalized onto non-equilibrium steady states. We prove a theorem that, in the system of thermodynamic coordinates, where entropy has a maximum in a steady state with regard to some thermodynamic variables, the matrix of the Onsager phenomenological coefficients becomes diagonal. The theorem requires consistent rules of the coordinate transformations in the non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Such rules are formulated. The results make it possible, in some cases, to reduce the number of unknown transport coefficients in thermodynamic description of the transport processes.
Original languageEnglish
Book seriesLecture Notes in Physics
Volume584
Pages (from-to)61-73
ISSN1616-6361
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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