Discussed in this paper is the prevalence of allergy and intolerance to foods in Europe. Prevalence of allergy to food additives is not included. A fully reliable estimate of the prevalence of food allergy/intolerance does not exist. Prevalence changes with age, as does the relative importance of the most common food allergens. The cumulative prevalence of allergy and intolerance to cow's milk during the first year of life is approximately 2%. The total prevalence of food allergy/intolerance in children is not as well documented. In 18-month-old infants the Danish estimate is 6.5%. The high prevalence of peanut allergy (0.5%) in British children is not reflected in the results from other European countries. Milk, egg, fish and oranges seem to be the most common causes of allergy and intolerance in European infants and children. Results from epidemiological studies combined with the knowledge on pollen and latex cross-reactivity, systemic reactions to contact allergens and coeliac disease point to a prevalence of food allergy/intolerance in the adult European population of approximately 5%. A mild itch in the mouth and lactose intolerance are not included in this estimate which is a qualified guess. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Journal||ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
|Event||IPCS/NIPH Scientific Symposium on Chemical Exposure and Food Allergy/Intolerance - OSLO, NORWAY|
Duration: 1 Jan 1996 → …
|Conference||IPCS/NIPH Scientific Symposium on Chemical Exposure and Food Allergy/Intolerance|
|Period||01/01/1996 → …|