Pressure and temperature effects in homopolymer blends and diblock copolymers

H. Frielinghaus, D. Schwahn, K. Mortensen, L. Willner, K. Almdal

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Thermal composition fluctuations in a homogeneous binary polymer blend and in a diblock copolymer were measured by small-angle neutron scattering as a function of temperature and pressure. The experimental data were analyzed with theoretical expressions, including the important effect of thermal fluctuations. Phase boundaries, the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter and the Ginzburg number were obtained. The packing of the molecules changes with pressure. Therefore, the degree of thermal fluctuation as a function of packing and temperature was studied. While in polymer blends packing leads, in some respects, to a universal behaviour, such behaviour is not found in diblock copolymers. It is shown that the Ginzburg number decreases with pressure sensitively in blends, while it is constant in diblock copolymers. The Ginzburg number is an estimation of the transition between the universality classes of the 'mean-field' approximation and the three-dimensional Ising model. The phase boundaries in blends increase with pressure, while the phase boundary of the studied block copolymer shows an unusual shape: with increasing pressure it first decreases and then increases. Its origin is an increase of the entropic and of the enthalpic parts, respectively, of the Flory-Huggins interaction parameter.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Applied Crystallography
    Volume30
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)696-701
    ISSN0021-8898
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997
    Event10th International Conference on Small-Angle Scattering - Sao Paulo, Brazil
    Duration: 21 Jul 199625 Jul 1996
    Conference number: 10

    Conference

    Conference10th International Conference on Small-Angle Scattering
    Number10
    Country/TerritoryBrazil
    CitySao Paulo
    Period21/07/199625/07/1996

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