Preparing for a changing future in recreational fisheries: 100 research questions for global consideration emerging from a horizon scan

Peter E. Holder*, Amanda L. Jeanson, Robert J. Lennox, Jacob W. Brownscombe, Robert Arlinghaus, Andy J. Danylchuk, Shannon D. Bower, Kieran Hyder, Len M. Hunt, Eli P. Fenichel, Paul A. Venturelli, Eva B. Thorstad, Micheal S. Allen, Warren M. Potts, Sascha Clark-Danylchuk, Julie E. Claussen, Jeremy M. Lyle, Jun-ichi Tsuboi, Randall Brummett, Kátia M. F. FreireSean R. Tracey, Christian Skov, Steven J. Cooke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Recreational fisheries hold immense ecological, social, and economic value. The management of these fisheries is increasingly important as we move forward in the Anthropocene. Recreational fisheries managers face several challenges as fisheries often involve diverse social and ecological systems comprised of complex feedback and stakeholder motivations and needs. Here, we used a horizon scanning exercise to yield 100 research questions related to recreational fisheries science and management in the Anthropocene. Initial research questions (n = 205) were collected from recreational fisheries experts (i.e., stakeholders, managers, researchers) from various sectors (i.e., industry, government, NGOs) and geographic locations (14 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, USA). These questions were subsequently categorized, thematized, and refined by our authorship team, eventually yielding what we considered to be the top 100 research questions of relevance to management of recreational fisheries. The key themes include: human dimensions; bioeconomics; resource monitoring and data acquisition; governance; management—regulatory actions; management—stock and habitat enhancement; catch-and-release; impacts of recreational fisheries on populations, communities and ecosystems; threats and sustainability; and angler outreach, education and engagement. It is our intention that this comprehensive and forward-looking list will create a framework to guide future research within this field, and contribute to evidence-based recreational fisheries management and policy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalReviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries
Pages (from-to)137-151
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Recreational fisheries
  • Fisheries management
  • Global fisheries
  • Research priorities
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation


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