Preparation of bioconjugates by solid-phase conjugation to ion exchange matrix-adsorbed carrier proteins

G. Houen, D.T. Olsen, P.R. Hansen, K.B. Petersen, Vibeke Barkholt

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


    A solid-phase conjugation method utilizing carrier protein bound to an ion exchange matrix was developed. Ovalbumin was adsorbed to an anion exchange matrix using a batch procedure, and the immobilized protein was then derivatized with iodoacetic acid N-hydroxysuccinimid ester. The activated protein was conjugated with glutathione, the conjugation ratio determined by acid hydrolysis, and amino acid analysis performed with quantification of carboxymethyl cysteine. Elution of conjugates from the resin by a salt gradient revealed considerable heterogeneity in the degree of derivatization, and immunization experiments with the eluted conjugates showed that the more substituted conjugates gave rise to the highest titers of glutathione antibodies. Direct immunization with the conjugates adsorbed to the ion exchange matrix was possible and gave rise to high titers of glutathione antibodies. Conjugates of ovalbumin and various peptides were prepared in a similar manner and used for production of peptide antisera by direct immunization with the conjugates bound to the ion exchanger. Advantages of the method are its solid-phase nature, allowing fast and efficient reactions and intermediate washings, and the ability to release conjugates from the solid phase under mild conditions.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)75-79
    Publication statusPublished - 2003


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