Preliminary examples of 3D vector flow imaging

Michael Johannes Pihl, Matthias Bo Stuart, Borislav Gueorguiev Tomov, Jens Munk Hansen, Morten Fischer Rasmussen, Jørgen Arendt Jensen

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Abstract

This paper presents 3D vector flow images obtained using the 3D Transverse Oscillation (TO) method. The method employs a 2D transducer and estimates the three velocity components simultaneously, which is important for visualizing complex flow patterns. Data are acquired using the experimental ultrasound scanner SARUS on a flow rig system with steady flow. The vessel of the flow-rig is centered at a depth of 30 mm, and the flow has an expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic prole with a peak velocity of 1 m/s. Ten frames of 3D vector flow images are acquired in a cross-sectional plane orthogonal to the center axis of the vessel, which coincides with the y-axis and the flow direction. Hence, only out-of-plane motion is expected. This motion cannot be measured by
typical commercial scanners employing 1D arrays. Each frame consists of 16 flow lines steered from -15 to 15 degrees in steps of 2 degrees in the ZX-plane. For the center line, 3200 M-mode lines are acquired yielding 100 velocity proles. At the center of the vessel, the mean and standard deviation of the estimated velocity vectors are (vx, vy, vz) = (-0.026, 95, 1.0)(8.8, 6.2, 0.84) cm/s compared to the expected (0.0, 96, 0.0) cm/s. Relative to the velocity magnitude this yields standard deviations of (9.1, 6.4, 0.88) %, respectively. Volumetric flow rates were estimated for all ten frames yielding 57.92.0 mL/s in comparison with 56.2 mL/s measured by a commercial magnetic flow meter. One frame of the obtained 3D vector flow data is presented and visualized using three
alternative approaches. Practically no in-plane motion (vx and vz) is measured, whereas the out-of-plane motion (vy) and the velocity magnitude exhibit the expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic shape. It shown that the ultrasound method is suitable for real-time data acquisition as opposed to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The results demonstrate that the 3D TO method is capable of performing 3D vector flow imaging.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE : Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy
Number of pages12
Volume8675
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event SPIE Medical Imaging conference 2013 - Disney's Coronado Springs Resort, Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: 9 Feb 201314 Feb 2013

Conference

Conference SPIE Medical Imaging conference 2013
LocationDisney's Coronado Springs Resort
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period09/02/201314/02/2013
SeriesProceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8675
ISSN0277-786X

Keywords

  • Medical ultrasound
  • Velocity estimation
  • Three-dimensional vector ow imaging
  • 3D velocities
  • Volumetric ow rate
  • Transverse oscillation method
  • Spatial quadrature

Cite this

Pihl, M. J., Stuart, M. B., Tomov, B. G., Hansen, J. M., Rasmussen, M. F., & Jensen, J. A. (2013). Preliminary examples of 3D vector flow imaging. In Proceedings of SPIE : Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy (Vol. 8675). SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering. Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol.. 8675
Pihl, Michael Johannes ; Stuart, Matthias Bo ; Tomov, Borislav Gueorguiev ; Hansen, Jens Munk ; Rasmussen, Morten Fischer ; Jensen, Jørgen Arendt. / Preliminary examples of 3D vector flow imaging. Proceedings of SPIE : Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy. Vol. 8675 SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013. (Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 8675).
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abstract = "This paper presents 3D vector flow images obtained using the 3D Transverse Oscillation (TO) method. The method employs a 2D transducer and estimates the three velocity components simultaneously, which is important for visualizing complex flow patterns. Data are acquired using the experimental ultrasound scanner SARUS on a flow rig system with steady flow. The vessel of the flow-rig is centered at a depth of 30 mm, and the flow has an expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic prole with a peak velocity of 1 m/s. Ten frames of 3D vector flow images are acquired in a cross-sectional plane orthogonal to the center axis of the vessel, which coincides with the y-axis and the flow direction. Hence, only out-of-plane motion is expected. This motion cannot be measured bytypical commercial scanners employing 1D arrays. Each frame consists of 16 flow lines steered from -15 to 15 degrees in steps of 2 degrees in the ZX-plane. For the center line, 3200 M-mode lines are acquired yielding 100 velocity proles. At the center of the vessel, the mean and standard deviation of the estimated velocity vectors are (vx, vy, vz) = (-0.026, 95, 1.0)(8.8, 6.2, 0.84) cm/s compared to the expected (0.0, 96, 0.0) cm/s. Relative to the velocity magnitude this yields standard deviations of (9.1, 6.4, 0.88) {\%}, respectively. Volumetric flow rates were estimated for all ten frames yielding 57.92.0 mL/s in comparison with 56.2 mL/s measured by a commercial magnetic flow meter. One frame of the obtained 3D vector flow data is presented and visualized using threealternative approaches. Practically no in-plane motion (vx and vz) is measured, whereas the out-of-plane motion (vy) and the velocity magnitude exhibit the expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic shape. It shown that the ultrasound method is suitable for real-time data acquisition as opposed to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The results demonstrate that the 3D TO method is capable of performing 3D vector flow imaging.",
keywords = "Medical ultrasound, Velocity estimation, Three-dimensional vector ow imaging, 3D velocities, Volumetric ow rate, Transverse oscillation method, Spatial quadrature",
author = "Pihl, {Michael Johannes} and Stuart, {Matthias Bo} and Tomov, {Borislav Gueorguiev} and Hansen, {Jens Munk} and Rasmussen, {Morten Fischer} and Jensen, {J{\o}rgen Arendt}",
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Pihl, MJ, Stuart, MB, Tomov, BG, Hansen, JM, Rasmussen, MF & Jensen, JA 2013, Preliminary examples of 3D vector flow imaging. in Proceedings of SPIE : Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy. vol. 8675, SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 8675, SPIE Medical Imaging conference 2013, Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States, 09/02/2013.

Preliminary examples of 3D vector flow imaging. / Pihl, Michael Johannes; Stuart, Matthias Bo; Tomov, Borislav Gueorguiev; Hansen, Jens Munk; Rasmussen, Morten Fischer; Jensen, Jørgen Arendt.

Proceedings of SPIE : Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy. Vol. 8675 SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering, 2013. (Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 8675).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Preliminary examples of 3D vector flow imaging

AU - Pihl, Michael Johannes

AU - Stuart, Matthias Bo

AU - Tomov, Borislav Gueorguiev

AU - Hansen, Jens Munk

AU - Rasmussen, Morten Fischer

AU - Jensen, Jørgen Arendt

PY - 2013

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N2 - This paper presents 3D vector flow images obtained using the 3D Transverse Oscillation (TO) method. The method employs a 2D transducer and estimates the three velocity components simultaneously, which is important for visualizing complex flow patterns. Data are acquired using the experimental ultrasound scanner SARUS on a flow rig system with steady flow. The vessel of the flow-rig is centered at a depth of 30 mm, and the flow has an expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic prole with a peak velocity of 1 m/s. Ten frames of 3D vector flow images are acquired in a cross-sectional plane orthogonal to the center axis of the vessel, which coincides with the y-axis and the flow direction. Hence, only out-of-plane motion is expected. This motion cannot be measured bytypical commercial scanners employing 1D arrays. Each frame consists of 16 flow lines steered from -15 to 15 degrees in steps of 2 degrees in the ZX-plane. For the center line, 3200 M-mode lines are acquired yielding 100 velocity proles. At the center of the vessel, the mean and standard deviation of the estimated velocity vectors are (vx, vy, vz) = (-0.026, 95, 1.0)(8.8, 6.2, 0.84) cm/s compared to the expected (0.0, 96, 0.0) cm/s. Relative to the velocity magnitude this yields standard deviations of (9.1, 6.4, 0.88) %, respectively. Volumetric flow rates were estimated for all ten frames yielding 57.92.0 mL/s in comparison with 56.2 mL/s measured by a commercial magnetic flow meter. One frame of the obtained 3D vector flow data is presented and visualized using threealternative approaches. Practically no in-plane motion (vx and vz) is measured, whereas the out-of-plane motion (vy) and the velocity magnitude exhibit the expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic shape. It shown that the ultrasound method is suitable for real-time data acquisition as opposed to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The results demonstrate that the 3D TO method is capable of performing 3D vector flow imaging.

AB - This paper presents 3D vector flow images obtained using the 3D Transverse Oscillation (TO) method. The method employs a 2D transducer and estimates the three velocity components simultaneously, which is important for visualizing complex flow patterns. Data are acquired using the experimental ultrasound scanner SARUS on a flow rig system with steady flow. The vessel of the flow-rig is centered at a depth of 30 mm, and the flow has an expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic prole with a peak velocity of 1 m/s. Ten frames of 3D vector flow images are acquired in a cross-sectional plane orthogonal to the center axis of the vessel, which coincides with the y-axis and the flow direction. Hence, only out-of-plane motion is expected. This motion cannot be measured bytypical commercial scanners employing 1D arrays. Each frame consists of 16 flow lines steered from -15 to 15 degrees in steps of 2 degrees in the ZX-plane. For the center line, 3200 M-mode lines are acquired yielding 100 velocity proles. At the center of the vessel, the mean and standard deviation of the estimated velocity vectors are (vx, vy, vz) = (-0.026, 95, 1.0)(8.8, 6.2, 0.84) cm/s compared to the expected (0.0, 96, 0.0) cm/s. Relative to the velocity magnitude this yields standard deviations of (9.1, 6.4, 0.88) %, respectively. Volumetric flow rates were estimated for all ten frames yielding 57.92.0 mL/s in comparison with 56.2 mL/s measured by a commercial magnetic flow meter. One frame of the obtained 3D vector flow data is presented and visualized using threealternative approaches. Practically no in-plane motion (vx and vz) is measured, whereas the out-of-plane motion (vy) and the velocity magnitude exhibit the expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic shape. It shown that the ultrasound method is suitable for real-time data acquisition as opposed to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The results demonstrate that the 3D TO method is capable of performing 3D vector flow imaging.

KW - Medical ultrasound

KW - Velocity estimation

KW - Three-dimensional vector ow imaging

KW - 3D velocities

KW - Volumetric ow rate

KW - Transverse oscillation method

KW - Spatial quadrature

M3 - Article in proceedings

VL - 8675

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - Proceedings of SPIE

PB - SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering

ER -

Pihl MJ, Stuart MB, Tomov BG, Hansen JM, Rasmussen MF, Jensen JA. Preliminary examples of 3D vector flow imaging. In Proceedings of SPIE : Medical Imaging 2013: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy. Vol. 8675. SPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering. 2013. (Proceedings of SPIE, the International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 8675).