Preliminary background prediction for the INTEGRAL x-ray monitor

M. Feroci, E. Costa, C. Budtz-Joergensen, H.W. Schnopper, Niels Jørgen Stenfeldt Westergaard, M. Rapisarda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The JEM-X (joint European x-ray monitor) experiment will be flown onboard the ESA's INTEGRAL satellite. The instrumental background level of the two JEM-X twin detectors will depend on several parameters, among which the satellite orbit and mass distribution, and the detectors materials play a major role. Based on the information available at the present stage of the emission design, we have computed the instrumental background to be expected because of two main background components: direct diffuse x-ray background and secondary photons originated by the interactions of the primary cosmic rays with the spacecraft structures. This calculation has been carried out by means of a Monte Carlo simulation using the code MCNP. The background due to on- orbit material activation and to the primary cosmic rays direct interactions with the detecting medium has not been considered. The INTEGRAL satellite structure is only now being completely defined and the details of the instrument design are still under evolution. The present background estimation can therefore be only preliminary and based on some reasonable approximations on the radiation environment in which the INTEGRAL experiments will operate.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Publication date1996
Publication statusPublished - 1996
EventSPIE'S 1996 International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation - Denver, United States
Duration: 4 Aug 19969 Aug 1996


ConferenceSPIE'S 1996 International Symposium on Optical Science, Engineering, and Instrumentation
CountryUnited States

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