Prediction uncertainty in seasonal partial duration series

Peter Funder Rasmussen, Dan Rosbjerg

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearch

    Abstract

    In order to obtain a good description of the exceedances in a partial duration series it is often necessary to divide the year into a number (2-4) of seasons. Hereby a stationary exceedance distribution can be maintained within each season. This type of seasonal models may, however, not be suitable for prediction purposes due to the large number of parameters required. In the particular case with exponentially distributed exceedances and Poissonian occurrence times the precision of the T year event estimator has been thoroughly examined considering both seasonal and nonseasonal models. The two-seasonal probability density function of the T year event estimator has been deduced and used in the assessment of the precision of approximate moments. The nonseasonal approach covered both a total omission of seasonality by pooling data from different flood seasons and a discarding of nonsignificant season(s) before the analysis of extremes. Mean square error approximations (bias second order, variance first and second order) were employed as measures for prediction uncertainly. It was found that optimal estimates can usually be obtained with a nonseasonal approach.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalWater Resources Research
    Volume27
    Issue number11
    Pages (from-to)2875-2883
    ISSN0043-1397
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

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