Prediction of speech masking release for fluctuating interferers based on the envelope power signal-to-noise ratio

Søren Jørgensen, Torsten Dau

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Abstract

The speech-based envelope power spectrum model (sEPSM) presented by Jørgensen and Dau [(2011). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 130, 1475-1487] estimates the envelope signal-to-noise ratio (SNRenv) after modulation-frequency selective processing, which accurately predicts the speech intelligibility for normal-hearing listeners in conditions with additive stationary noise, reverberation, and nonlinear processing with spectral subtraction. The latter condition represents a case in which the standardized speech intelligibility index and speech transmission index fail. However, the sEPSM is limited to conditions with stationary interferers due to the long-term estimation of the envelope power and cannot account for the well known phenomenon of speech masking release. Here, a short-term version of the sEPSM is presented, estimating the envelope SNR in 10-ms time frames. Predictions obtained with the short-term sEPSM are compared to data from Kjems et al. [(2009). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 126 (3), 1415-1426] where speech is mixed with four different interferers, including speech-shaped noise, bottle noise, car noise, and a highly non-stationary cafe noise. The model accounts well for the differences in intelligibility observed for the stationary and non-stationary interferers, demonstrating further that the envelope SNR is crucial for speech comprehension.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume131
Pages (from-to)3341-3341
Number of pages1
ISSN0001-4966
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventAcoustics 2012 Hong Kong - Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition , Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Duration: 13 May 201218 May 2012

Conference

ConferenceAcoustics 2012 Hong Kong
LocationHong Kong Convention and Exhibition
CountryHong Kong
CityHong Kong
Period13/05/201218/05/2012

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