Power-heat conversion coordinated control of combined-cycle gas turbine with thermal energy storage in district heating network

Nianci Lu, Lei Pan*, Ahmad Arabkoohsar, Zhenxiang Liu, Jiaxing Wang, Simon Pedersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Thermal energy storage, with its low energy storage cost and wide distribution in industrial processes, is an effective way to improve the operational flexibility of power plants. Due to colossal energy storage capacity and small deployment costs, this article proposes connecting district heating networks to combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) plants as a thermal energy storage capacity, improving the flexibility of CCGTs. The main focus here is on developing an appropriate control strategy to effectively control the power-heat conversion, meet the heat and power demands of the connected network, and the operational flexibility of the plant. The major problem is that the intrinsic static and dynamic conversion relationship of power and heat in the CCGT and district heating network and the buildings are multi-factor interactive and unknown. Therefore, the CCGT bottom cycle and district heating network, and building models were built to obtain the power-heat conversion parameters and the dynamic model for control design. Then, the energy storage coefficient of 0.105 MW/kg/s is obtained through the model simulation instead of a complex thermodynamic calculation, corresponding to the 113.22 GJ energy storage capacity of the district heating network. Based on the obtained conversion rules, a new control strategy called ‘conversion coordinated control’ is designed and applied, using load signal decomposition and synergistic load response of flue gas mass flow rate and steam extraction valve. The simulation results show that the proposed method can promote a ramping load rate of 8.6 MW/min in the first 30 s with only 0.3 °C building temperature variation. The control strategy can effectively reduce the gap between the grid demand and CCGT power and ensure grid stability without compromising thermal users’ comfort.
Original languageEnglish
Article number119664
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Volume220
Number of pages13
ISSN1359-4311
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Combined gas-steam power cycle
  • Conversion coordinated control
  • District heating network
  • Energy storage coefficient
  • Flexibility

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