Post-Malthusian Dynamics in Pre-Industrial Scandinavia

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    Abstract

    Theories of economic growth hypothesize that the transition from pre-industrial stagnation to sustained growth is associated with a post-Malthusian phase in which technological progress raises income and spurs population growth while offsetting diminishing returns to labor. Evidence suggests that England was characterized by post-Malthusian dynamics preceding the Industrial Revolution. However, given England's special position as the forerunner of the Industrial Revolution, it is unclear if a transitory post-Malthusian period is a general phenomenon. Using data from Denmark, Norway and Sweden, this research provides evidence for the existence of a post-Malthusian phase in the transition from stagnation to growth in Scandinavia.

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    Original languageEnglish
    JournalThe Scandinavian Journal of Economics
    Volume118
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)841–867
    ISSN0347-0520
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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