Porous Organic Polymers Containing Active Metal Centers as Catalysts for Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Søren Kramer, Niklas Rosendal Bennedsen, Søren Kegnæs*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Porous organic polymers (POPs) containing catalytically active mononuclear metal centers can bridge the gap between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. These materials offer catalysts with straightforward control over the active site analogously to homogeneous organometallic catalysts; however, just like classical heterogeneous catalysts, they are easy to separate from reaction mixtures and recycle. The main objective of this review is to provide an overview of the different types of reactions for synthetic organic chemistry where metal-POP catalysts have been utilized. In addition, a brief description of different synthesis strategies for accessing metal-POPs is included. We also propose a uniform naming system for metal-POP catalysts. Finally, current challenges, which could advance the field and facilitate industrial application, are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalA C S Catalysis
Volume8
Pages (from-to)6961-6982
ISSN2155-5435
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Single-site catalysts
  • Porous organic polymers
  • Organic synthesis
  • Metal catalysis
  • Organometallic chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Porous Organic Polymers Containing Active Metal Centers as Catalysts for Synthetic Organic Chemistry",
abstract = "Porous organic polymers (POPs) containing catalytically active mononuclear metal centers can bridge the gap between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. These materials offer catalysts with straightforward control over the active site analogously to homogeneous organometallic catalysts; however, just like classical heterogeneous catalysts, they are easy to separate from reaction mixtures and recycle. The main objective of this review is to provide an overview of the different types of reactions for synthetic organic chemistry where metal-POP catalysts have been utilized. In addition, a brief description of different synthesis strategies for accessing metal-POPs is included. We also propose a uniform naming system for metal-POP catalysts. Finally, current challenges, which could advance the field and facilitate industrial application, are discussed.",
keywords = "Heterogeneous catalysis, Single-site catalysts, Porous organic polymers, Organic synthesis, Metal catalysis, Organometallic chemistry",
author = "S{\o}ren Kramer and Bennedsen, {Niklas Rosendal} and S{\o}ren Kegn{\ae}s",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1021/acscatal.8b01167",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "6961--6982",
journal = "A C S Catalysis",
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publisher = "American Chemical Society",

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Porous Organic Polymers Containing Active Metal Centers as Catalysts for Synthetic Organic Chemistry. / Kramer, Søren; Bennedsen, Niklas Rosendal; Kegnæs, Søren.

In: A C S Catalysis, Vol. 8, 2018, p. 6961-6982.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Porous Organic Polymers Containing Active Metal Centers as Catalysts for Synthetic Organic Chemistry

AU - Kramer, Søren

AU - Bennedsen, Niklas Rosendal

AU - Kegnæs, Søren

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Porous organic polymers (POPs) containing catalytically active mononuclear metal centers can bridge the gap between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. These materials offer catalysts with straightforward control over the active site analogously to homogeneous organometallic catalysts; however, just like classical heterogeneous catalysts, they are easy to separate from reaction mixtures and recycle. The main objective of this review is to provide an overview of the different types of reactions for synthetic organic chemistry where metal-POP catalysts have been utilized. In addition, a brief description of different synthesis strategies for accessing metal-POPs is included. We also propose a uniform naming system for metal-POP catalysts. Finally, current challenges, which could advance the field and facilitate industrial application, are discussed.

AB - Porous organic polymers (POPs) containing catalytically active mononuclear metal centers can bridge the gap between homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. These materials offer catalysts with straightforward control over the active site analogously to homogeneous organometallic catalysts; however, just like classical heterogeneous catalysts, they are easy to separate from reaction mixtures and recycle. The main objective of this review is to provide an overview of the different types of reactions for synthetic organic chemistry where metal-POP catalysts have been utilized. In addition, a brief description of different synthesis strategies for accessing metal-POPs is included. We also propose a uniform naming system for metal-POP catalysts. Finally, current challenges, which could advance the field and facilitate industrial application, are discussed.

KW - Heterogeneous catalysis

KW - Single-site catalysts

KW - Porous organic polymers

KW - Organic synthesis

KW - Metal catalysis

KW - Organometallic chemistry

U2 - 10.1021/acscatal.8b01167

DO - 10.1021/acscatal.8b01167

M3 - Journal article

VL - 8

SP - 6961

EP - 6982

JO - A C S Catalysis

JF - A C S Catalysis

SN - 2155-5435

ER -