Polyurethane nanofibers containing copper nanoparticles as future materials

Faheem A. Sheikh, Muzafar Ahmed Kanjwal, Saurabh Saran, Wook-Jin Chung, Hern Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In the present study, we aimed to represent a novel approach to fabricate polyurethane nanofibers containing copper nanoparticles (NPs) by simple electrospinning process. A simple method, not depending on additional foreign chemicals, has been employed to utilize prepared copper NPs in polyurethane nanofibers. Typically, a colloidal gel consisting of copper NPs and polyurethane has been electrospun. SEM-EDX and TEM results confirmed well oriented nanofibers and good dispersion of pure copper NPs. Copper NPs have diameter in the range of 5–10nm. The thermal stability of the synthesized nanofibers was examined for identifying the proper settlement of copper NPs among the nanofibers, according to the concentrations used in original solutions. Furthermore, XRD results well demonstrated crystalline feature of copper NPs. Model microorganisms Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtillus had been used to check the antimicrobial efficacy of these nanofiber mats. Subsequently, antimicrobial tests have indicated that the prepared nanofibers do posses good bactericidal effect. Accordingly, it is noted that the obtained nanofiber mats can be used as future filter membranes with good antimicrobial activities.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume257
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)3020-3026
ISSN0169-4332
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Polyurethane
  • Copper
  • Antimicrobial
  • Nanoparticles and Nanofibers

Cite this

Sheikh, F. A., Kanjwal, M. A., Saran, S., Chung, W-J., & Kim, H. (2011). Polyurethane nanofibers containing copper nanoparticles as future materials. Applied Surface Science, 257(7), 3020-3026. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2010.10.110