Polymorphism in the fatty acid desaturase genes and diet are important determinants of infant n-3 fatty acid status.

L.B.S. Harsløf, L.H. Larsen, C. Ritz, Lars Hellgren, K. F. Michaelsen, U. Vogel, L. Lauritzen

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    Abstract

    Background and objectives: Tissue docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) accretion in early infancy has been shown to be supported by the DHA-content of breast-milk and thus may decrease once complementary feeding takes over. Endogenous synthesis of DHA from alpha-linolenic acid has been shown to be very low and polymorphism in the genes that encodes the fatty acid desaturases (FADS) has little effect on DHA-status in adults. It is however unclear to what extent endogenous DHA-synthesis contributes to infant DHA-status.
    Aim: To investigate the role of diet and FADS polymorphism on DHA-status at 9 months and 3 years.
    Methods: This cross-sectional study with Danish infants use data from two prospective studies (EFiON and the SKOT cohort). We measured erythrocyte (RBC) DHA-status at 9 months (n=409) and 3 years (n=176) and genotyped 4 FADS tagSNPs, rs3834458, rs1535, rs174575 and rs174448 (n=401). Information about breastfeeding was obtained by questionnaires and fish intake was assessed by 7-day pre-coded food diaries.
    Results: FADS-genotype, breastfeeding, and fish intake were found to explain 25% of the variation in infant RBC DHA-status (mean±SD: 6.6±1.9% of the fatty acids (FA%)). Breastfeeding was the most important contributor and still being breast-fed at 9 months was associated with 0.8 FA% higher DHA vs. no longer breast-fed (p<0.001). Two of the examined FADS-SNPs were highly correlated (rs1535 and rs3834458; r=0.98). Homozygous carriers of the minor allele of rs1535 had an increase in RBC DHA of 1.6 FA% relative to those with wild type, whereas minor allele carriers of rs174448 and rs174575 had a decrease of 0.9 (p=0.017) and 1.9 FA% (p=0.001), respectively. Each 10-gram increment in fish intake was associated with an increase in DHA-status of 0.3 FA%. At 3 years, fish intake was the only significant determinant of DHA-status (0.2 FA%/10g).
    Conclusions: FADS-genotype and diet are both important determinants of DHA-status in late infancy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2013
    Publication statusPublished - 2013
    EventIUNS 20th International Congress of Nutrition - Granada, Spain
    Duration: 15 Sep 201320 Sep 2013
    Conference number: 20
    http://icn2013.com/

    Conference

    ConferenceIUNS 20th International Congress of Nutrition
    Number20
    CountrySpain
    CityGranada
    Period15/09/201320/09/2013
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • FADS-genotype
    • Docosahexaenoic acid
    • Fish intake
    • Child nutrition
    • Breastfeeding

    Cite this

    Harsløf, L. B. S., Larsen, L. H., Ritz, C., Hellgren, L., Michaelsen, K. F., Vogel, U., & Lauritzen, L. (2013). Polymorphism in the fatty acid desaturase genes and diet are important determinants of infant n-3 fatty acid status.. Abstract from IUNS 20th International Congress of Nutrition, Granada, Spain.