Generally, polymer solution or sol-gel is used to produce electrospun nanofibers via the electrospinning technique. In the utilized sol-gel, the metallic precursor should be soluble in a proper solvent since it has to hydrolyze and polycondensate in the final solution; this strategy straitens the applications of the electrospinning process and limits the category of the electrospinnable materials. In this study, we are discussing electrospinning of a colloidal solution process as an alternative strategy. We have utilized many solid nanopowders and different polymers as well. All the examined colloids have been successfully electrospun. According to the SEM and FE SEM analyses for the obtained nanofiber mats, the polymeric nanofibers could imprison the small nanoparticles; however, the big size ones were observed attaching the nanofiber mats. Successfully, the proposed strategy could be exploited to prepare polymeric nanofibers incorporating metal nanoparticles which might have interesting properties compared with the pristine. For instance, PCL/Ti nanofiber mats exhibited good bioactivity compared with pristine PCL. The proposed strategy can be considered as an innovated methodology to prepare a new class of the electrospun nanofiber mats which cannot be obtained by the conventional electrospinning technique. (C) 2009 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
Barakat, N. A. M., Abadir, M. F., Sheikh, F. A., Kanjwal, M. A., Park, S. J., & Kim, H. Y. (2010). Polymeric nanofibers containing solid nanoparticles prepared by electrospinning and their applications. Chemical Engineering Journal, 156(2), 486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2009.11.018