Polydopamine Modified Carbon Nitride and PAMAM Assembled Electrochemical Immunosensor for Detection of Indole-3-Acetic Acid

Jian Zhang, Aixue Li, Xin Yu, Ivan Mijakovic, Santosh Pandit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) assumes a pivotal role as a phytohormone of utmost importance, intricately orchestrating the nuanced processes associated with the growth and developmental trajectories of botanical organisms. In this study, we have designed and fabricated a label-free electrochemical impedance immunosensor for the precise detection of IAA. The detection strategy predominantly relied upon polydopamine modified carbon nitride (C3N4) nanosheets (PCN) and polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer. Through the modification with PCN and PAMAM, the electrode has increased the active area and enhanced the immobilization capacity of antibodies for IAA. The immunosensor‘s ability to capture IAA was significantly improved by enhancing the immunoreaction between the antibody and antigen. This enhancement led to an increased response in the electrochemical behavior of the Fe(CN)63−/4− redox probe. The impedance immunosensor developed exhibits remarkable sensitivity, exceptional selectivity, and consistent performance in the detection of IAA. This assay method, with the potential to replace antibodies, could offer an alternative approach for detecting various phytohormones.

Original languageEnglish
JournalChemElectroChem
ISSN2196-0216
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • Carbon nitride
  • Immunosensor
  • Indole-3-acetic acid
  • Polyamidoamine
  • Polydopamine

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