Polyaniline coated Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres as anode materials for lithium ion batteries

Xiaoliang Wang, Yanguo Liu, Hongyan Han, Yanyan Zhao, Wuming Ma, Hongyu Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Polyaniline (PANI) coated Fe3O4 hollow nanospheres (h-Fe3O4@ PANI) have been successfully synthesized and investigated as anode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs). The structure and composition analyses have been performed by employing X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results show a good combination between h-Fe3O4 and PANI with a conductive state. When evaluated as anode materials for LIBs, the h-Fe3O4@PANI nanocomposites exhibit excellent LIB performance with enhanced reversible capacity, good cycling performance and rate capability as compared to h-Fe3O4 and solid Fe3O4 (s-Fe3O4) nanospheres. The improved electrochemical performance of the nanocomposite is considered due to the hollow nature of the products and the coated PANI layers.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalSustainable Energy & Fuels
    Volume1
    Issue number4
    Pages (from-to)915-922
    ISSN2398-4902
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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