Policy schemes, operational strategies and system integration of residential co-generation fuel cells

Lise-Lotte Pade Hansen, Sascha Thorsten Schröder, Marie Münster, Christoph Birkl, Stephanie Ropenus, Poul Erik Morthorst, Elisabeth Obé, Editha Kötter, Andreas Huber, Ana I. A. Costa, Pablo Kroff

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Abstract

This study presents a holistic approach for the commercialisation of fuel cells for stationary applications. We focus our analyses on microCHP based on SOFC units fired with natural gas. We analyse the interaction of operational strategies under different ownership arrangements, required support levels and system integration aspects. The operational strategies, support mechanisms and ownership arrangements have been identified through actor analysis involving experts from Denmark, France and Portugal. With regard to operational strategies, the actor analyses led us to distinguishing between a heat-driven strategy, with and without time-differentiated tariffs, and an electricity price driven strategy for the operation as a virtual power plant. The corresponding support schemes identified cover feed-in tariffs, net metering and feed-in premiums. Additionally, the interplay of the microCHP units with the national energy systems has been analysed. Our main findings are that net metering would be an appropriate tool to support FC based microCHP in Denmark, whereas a price premium would be the preferable tool in France and Portugal.
Copyright © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume38
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)3050-3063
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Stationary fuel cells
  • MicroCHP
  • Support mechanisms
  • Operational strategies
  • Systems analysis
  • Natural gas

Cite this

Hansen, Lise-Lotte Pade ; Schröder, Sascha Thorsten ; Münster, Marie ; Birkl, Christoph ; Ropenus, Stephanie ; Morthorst, Poul Erik ; Obé, Elisabeth ; Kötter, Editha ; Huber, Andreas ; Costa, Ana I. A. ; Kroff, Pablo. / Policy schemes, operational strategies and system integration of residential co-generation fuel cells. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 7. pp. 3050-3063.
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title = "Policy schemes, operational strategies and system integration of residential co-generation fuel cells",
abstract = "This study presents a holistic approach for the commercialisation of fuel cells for stationary applications. We focus our analyses on microCHP based on SOFC units fired with natural gas. We analyse the interaction of operational strategies under different ownership arrangements, required support levels and system integration aspects. The operational strategies, support mechanisms and ownership arrangements have been identified through actor analysis involving experts from Denmark, France and Portugal. With regard to operational strategies, the actor analyses led us to distinguishing between a heat-driven strategy, with and without time-differentiated tariffs, and an electricity price driven strategy for the operation as a virtual power plant. The corresponding support schemes identified cover feed-in tariffs, net metering and feed-in premiums. Additionally, the interplay of the microCHP units with the national energy systems has been analysed. Our main findings are that net metering would be an appropriate tool to support FC based microCHP in Denmark, whereas a price premium would be the preferable tool in France and Portugal.Copyright {\circledC} 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Stationary fuel cells, MicroCHP, Support mechanisms, Operational strategies, Systems analysis, Natural gas",
author = "Hansen, {Lise-Lotte Pade} and Schr{\"o}der, {Sascha Thorsten} and Marie M{\"u}nster and Christoph Birkl and Stephanie Ropenus and Morthorst, {Poul Erik} and Elisabeth Ob{\'e} and Editha K{\"o}tter and Andreas Huber and Costa, {Ana I. A.} and Pablo Kroff",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.093",
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Hansen, L-LP, Schröder, ST, Münster, M, Birkl, C, Ropenus, S, Morthorst, PE, Obé, E, Kötter, E, Huber, A, Costa, AIA & Kroff, P 2013, 'Policy schemes, operational strategies and system integration of residential co-generation fuel cells', International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 3050-3063. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.093

Policy schemes, operational strategies and system integration of residential co-generation fuel cells. / Hansen, Lise-Lotte Pade; Schröder, Sascha Thorsten; Münster, Marie; Birkl, Christoph; Ropenus, Stephanie; Morthorst, Poul Erik; Obé, Elisabeth; Kötter, Editha; Huber, Andreas; Costa, Ana I. A.; Kroff, Pablo.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 38, No. 7, 2013, p. 3050-3063.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Policy schemes, operational strategies and system integration of residential co-generation fuel cells

AU - Hansen, Lise-Lotte Pade

AU - Schröder, Sascha Thorsten

AU - Münster, Marie

AU - Birkl, Christoph

AU - Ropenus, Stephanie

AU - Morthorst, Poul Erik

AU - Obé, Elisabeth

AU - Kötter, Editha

AU - Huber, Andreas

AU - Costa, Ana I. A.

AU - Kroff, Pablo

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This study presents a holistic approach for the commercialisation of fuel cells for stationary applications. We focus our analyses on microCHP based on SOFC units fired with natural gas. We analyse the interaction of operational strategies under different ownership arrangements, required support levels and system integration aspects. The operational strategies, support mechanisms and ownership arrangements have been identified through actor analysis involving experts from Denmark, France and Portugal. With regard to operational strategies, the actor analyses led us to distinguishing between a heat-driven strategy, with and without time-differentiated tariffs, and an electricity price driven strategy for the operation as a virtual power plant. The corresponding support schemes identified cover feed-in tariffs, net metering and feed-in premiums. Additionally, the interplay of the microCHP units with the national energy systems has been analysed. Our main findings are that net metering would be an appropriate tool to support FC based microCHP in Denmark, whereas a price premium would be the preferable tool in France and Portugal.Copyright © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - This study presents a holistic approach for the commercialisation of fuel cells for stationary applications. We focus our analyses on microCHP based on SOFC units fired with natural gas. We analyse the interaction of operational strategies under different ownership arrangements, required support levels and system integration aspects. The operational strategies, support mechanisms and ownership arrangements have been identified through actor analysis involving experts from Denmark, France and Portugal. With regard to operational strategies, the actor analyses led us to distinguishing between a heat-driven strategy, with and without time-differentiated tariffs, and an electricity price driven strategy for the operation as a virtual power plant. The corresponding support schemes identified cover feed-in tariffs, net metering and feed-in premiums. Additionally, the interplay of the microCHP units with the national energy systems has been analysed. Our main findings are that net metering would be an appropriate tool to support FC based microCHP in Denmark, whereas a price premium would be the preferable tool in France and Portugal.Copyright © 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - Stationary fuel cells

KW - MicroCHP

KW - Support mechanisms

KW - Operational strategies

KW - Systems analysis

KW - Natural gas

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.093

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.093

M3 - Journal article

VL - 38

SP - 3050

EP - 3063

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 7

ER -