Polarization and Spatial Mode Dependent Four-wave Mixing in a 4H-Silicon Carbide Microring Resonator

Xiaodong Shi, Weichen Fan, Yaoqin Lu, Anders Kragh Hansen, Mingjun Chi, Ailun Yi, Xin Ou, Karsten Rottwitt, Haiyan Ou*

*Corresponding author for this work

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We report four-wave mixing with different polarization and spatial modes in a single 4H-silicon carbide photonic device. Our device shows great potential to perform high-dimensional multiplexing for optical communication and highdimensional entanglement in quantum networks. We use a polarization insensitive grating coupler and a multimode microring resonator that supports three polarization and spatial mode resonances. Finally, we show the polarization dependence of the third-order nonlinearity of 4H-silicon carbide. The measured nonlinear refractive index of the light polarized along the extraordinary axis, which is n2,TM=(13.1±0.7)×10−19m2/W, is twice as large as that of the light polarized along the ordinary plane, n2,TE=(7.0 ± 0.3)×10−19 m2/W, indicating that the extraordinary polarization is more efficient for nonlinear experiments in the 4H-silicon carbide integrated platforms as compared to the ordinary polarization.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAPL Photonics
Number of pages6
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021


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