We study polariton condensation under OPO (Optical Parametric Oscillator) out-of-equilibrium
conditions  in the presence of linear and point defects. Because of the simultaneous presence of pump, signal
and idler emitting at different wave vectors, as well as of photonic disorder, the system is characterized by
currents carrying polaritons from loss-dominated regions to gain-dominated regions and by the presence of
pinned vortices-antivortices (V-AV). A spatial-, momentum- and energy-resolved analysis of the emission from
linear defects evidences their high efficiency for trapping polaritons. Furthermore, a detailed study of the
condensate phase demonstrates that the map of the supercurrents is unambiguously determined by the different
We have studied two similar λ/2 GaAs-based microcavities, differing mainly by the thickness of the
cavity and of the quantum well placed at the electromagnetic field antinode. For sample A (B) the well thickness
is 20 nm (25 nm) yielding a Rabi splitting ΩR=4.4 meV (4.2 meV). The samples are kept at 10 K and excited
with a Ti:Al2O3 laser under OPO conditions.
Figure 1 (a) shows the spatial emission of a linear defect in sample A at the middle of a surrounding 2D
OPO condensate. A spectral analysis of the real space emission (Fig. 1 (b)) resolves the 2D emission (1.5505
eV) and that of the 1D condensate (1.5500 eV). The linear defect separates the 2D condensate in two parts, each
one of them having a different finite momentum pointing towards the low energy defect (not shown), implying
that the polaritons are flowing into it. This flow provides an extra mechanism for achieving 1D condensation.
Figure 2 depicts the emission of sample B where point defects induce pinning of V-AV. An analysis of the OPO
signal interferences obtains a map of the polariton-cloud phase, and its numerical gradient leads to the
determination of the supercurrents, pointing towards gain dominated regions.
|Conference||12th International Conference on Optics of Excitons in Confined Systems|
|Period||12/09/2011 → 16/09/2011|