Poisoning of Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells by Impurities

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    Abstract

    Electrolysis of H2O, CO2, and co-electrolysis of H2O and CO2 was studied in Ni/yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrode supported solid oxide electrolysis cells (SOECs) consisting of a Ni/YSZ support, a Ni/YSZ electrode layer, a YSZ electrolyte, and an lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM)/YSZ oxygen electrode When applying the gases as received, the cells degraded significantly at the Ni/YSZ electrode, whereas only minor (and initial) degradation was observed for either the Ni/YSZ or LSM/YSZ electrode. Application of clean gases to the Ni/YSZ electrode resulted in operation without any long-term degradation, in fact some cells activated slightly. This shows that the durability of these SOECs is heavily influenced by impurities in the inlet gases. Cleaning the inlet gases to the Ni/YSZ electrode may be a solution for operating these Ni/YSZ-based SOECs without long-term degradation.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
    Volume157
    Issue number10
    Pages (from-to)B1419-B1429
    ISSN0013-4651
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright The Electrochemical Society, Inc. [2010]. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS).

    Keywords

    • Fuel Cells and Hydrogen
    • Electrolysis

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