POD analysis of flow structures behind cylinders with concave fillets

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Surface modifications of cylinders using fillets are investigated with respect to flow structures in a cross flow to a cylinder. Three cylinders are used: a plain cylinder, a cylinder with a helical fillet and a cylinder with a helical staggered pattern of small fillets in tangential direction. The flow field in the wake region is measured with Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) in both a plane normal to the cylinder and a plane in the wake shear layer perpendicular to the free stream direction. Three different Reynolds numbers in the range from 0000 to 120000 are used. The helical fillet modifies the wake to be more narrow and longer and with less turbulent kinetic energy in the wake. The staggered fillet modifies the shear layers forming at the sides of the cylinder to contain three-dimensional structures. This reduces vortex shedding significantly resulting in even less turbulent kinetic in the ake. Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) is shown to be an effective method for describing three-dimensional time varying flow structures using non-time-resolving planar measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2018
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event19th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 16 Jul 201819 Jul 2018

Conference

Conference19th International Symposium on the Application of Laser and Imaging Techniques to Fluid Mechanics
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period16/07/201819/07/2018

    Research areas

  • Surface modification, Cable aerodynamics, Particle Image Velocimetry, Proper Orthogonal Decomposition

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