Plasmon Launching and Scattering by Silicon Nanoparticles

Artyom Assadillayev, Tatsuki Hinamoto, Minoru Fujii, Hiroshi Sugimoto, Mark L. Brongersma, Søren Raza*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Resonant optical nanomaterials with a high refractive index, such as silicon, have become key elements for controlling free-space light. Here, we show that silicon nanoparticles can manipulate highly confined guided waves in the form of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) on a subwavelength scale. Using electron energy-loss spectroscopy in a transmission electron microscope, we demonstrate that SPPs in ultrathin metal films can be efficiently launched due to the strong coupling between the Mie resonances of the nanoparticle and the SPP modes. We find that the SPP excitation wavelength can be tuned across the entire near-infrared by varying the particle size. For insight into the coupling mechanism, we also measure the electron-beam-induced response of the Mie resonances in isolated silicon nanostructures in a broad size range. Finally, we show that the silicon nanoparticles act as scatterers of the SPPs supported by the film. Our results may pave the way for using high-refractive-index dielectric nanoantennas as compact elements for manipulating highly confined SPPs.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)1582-1591
Publication statusPublished - 2021


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